Uniform & Dress of the Army of the United States — 1851

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Regulations for the Uniform & Dress of the Army of the United States

June, 1851

UNIFORM AND DRESS OF THE ARMY of the UNITED STATES.

COAT.

FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

  1. All officers shall wear a frock-coat of dark blue cloth, the skirt to extend froni two-thirds to three-fourths of the distance from the top of tile hip to the bend of the knee; single-breasted for Captains and Lieutenants; double-breasted for all other grades.
  2. For a Major Genereal-two rows of buttons on the breast, nine inc each row, placed by threes; tile distance between each row, five and one-half inches at top, and three and one-half inches at bottom; stand-up collar, to rise no higher than to permit the chin to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and slope thcnce up and backward at an angle of thirty degrees on each side, making the total opening in front an angle of sixty degrees; cuffs two and one-half inches deep, to go around tIle sleeves parallel with the lower edge, and to button with three small buttons at the under seam; pockets in the folds of the skirts, with one button at the hip, and one at thc end of each pocket, making four buttons on the back and skirt of the coat, the hip button to range with the lowest buttons on the breast; collar and cuffs to be of dark blue velvet; lining of the coat black.
  3. For a Brigadier Genenal - the same as for a Major General, (par. 2,) except that there will be only eight buttons in each row on the breast, placed in pairs.
  4. For a Colonel-the same as for a Major General, (2,) except that there will be only seven buttons in each row on the breast, placed at equal distances; collar and cuffs of the same color and material as the coat.
  5. For a Lieutenant Colonel-the same as for a Colonel, (4.)
  6. For a Major-the same as for a Colonel, (4.)
  7. For a Captain-the same as for a Colonel, (4,) except that there will be only one row of nine buttons on the breast, placed at equal distances.
  8. For a First Lieutenant the same as for a Captain; (7.)
  9. For a Second Lieutenant the same as for a Captain, (7.)
  10. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant the same as for a Captain, (7.)

FOR ENLISTED MEN.

  1. The uniform coat for all enlisted men shall be a single-breasted frock of dark blue cloth, with a skirt extending one-half the distance from the top of the hip to the bend of the knee.
  2. For a Sergeant Major and Quartermaster Sergeant of Artillery--one row of nine buttonr on the breast placed at equal distances; stand up collar, to rise no higher than to permit the chin to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and slope thence up and backward at an angle of thirty degrees on each side, making the total opening in front an angle of sixty degrees; cutts pointed according to pattern, and to button with two small buttons at the under seam; collar and cuffs of scarlet cloth; on both sides of the collar, near the front, the number of the regiment in yellow metal one ince long; on each shoulder a scarlet worsted epaulette according to patter; narrow lining for skirt of the coat of same material and color as the coat; pockets in the folds of the skirts with one button at the hip to range with the lowest buttons of the breast; no buttons at the ends of the pockets.
  3. For a Sergeant Major and Quarter Master Sergeant of Infantry--the same as for Artillery, (12,) except that the collar and cuffs will be of light or Saxony blue cloth; and the epaulettes of light or Saxony blue worsted.
  4. For a Sergeant Major and Quartermaster Sergeant of Riflemen--the same as for Artillery, (12,) excpet the collar and cuffs will be of medium or emerald green cloth; and the epaulettes of medium and emerald green.
  5. For a Sergeant Major and Quartermaster Sergeant of Dragoons--the same as for Artillery, (12,) excpet that the collar and cuffs will be of orange colored cloth; and that instead of worsted epaulettes, brass shoulder knots of the pattern not prescribed, will be worn.
  6. For a Sergeant of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen and Dragoons--the same as for the Sergeant Major of those corps respectively (12,13, 14, 15,) except that the worsted bullion of the epaulettes will be according to pattern.
  7. For a Sergeant of Light Arillery--the same as for a sergeant of Arillery, (16,) except that the brass shoulder knots (as for Dragoons) will be substituted for worsted epaulettes.
  8. For a Sergeant of Engineer soldiers--the same as for a sergeant of Artillery (16,), except that the collar and cuffs will be of the same material and color as the coat, but edged all around with a yellow welt inserted in the seam; on both sides of the collar, near the front, a castle of yellow metal one and five-eighths inches by one and one-fourth inches high; epaulettes of yellow worsted, of the same size and form as for a sergeant of Artillery (16.)
  9. For an Ordnance Sergeant--the same as for a sergeant of Engineer soldiers, (18,), except that the collar and cuffs will be edged with crimson instead of yellow, and that on the collar, on both sides near the front, there will be a shell and lame of yellow metal, two inches long; epaulettes crimson, the same size and pattern as for a Sergeant Major of Artillery, (12.)
  10. For a Corporal of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen, Dragoons, Light Artillery, and Engineer Soldiers-the same as for a sergeant of those corps respectively, (16, 17, 18,) except that the worsted bullion of the epaulettes will be according to pattern.
  11. For a Private of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen, Dragoons, Light Artillery and Engineer soldiers-- the same as for a corporal of those arms respectively (20).
  12. For the enlisted men of Ordnace--the same as for Ordnance Sergeants, (9,) except the epaulettes, which will be crimson, the aame size and pattern as for a private of Artillery, (21.)
  13. For a Musician ofArtillery, Infantry, Riflemen, Dragoons, Light Artillery and Engineer soldiers -the same as for a private of those corps respectively, (21,) with the addition of a facing according to pattern, and corresponding in color with the collar and cuffs.
  14. For a Principal or Chief Musician-the same as for a musician of his regiment, (23,) with epaulettes or shoulder knots, as for a Sergeant Major, (18, 14, 15.)
  15. For a Chief Bugler-the same as for a Principal or Chief Musician, (24.)
  16. On all occasions of duty, except fatigue, and when out of quarters, the coat shall be buttoned and hooked at the collar.

BUTTONS.

  1. For General Officers and Officers of the General Staff--gilt, convex, with spread eagle and stars and plain border; large sise, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior diameter; small size, one-half inch.
  2. For Officers of the Corps of Engineers-gilt, nine-tenths of an inch in exterior diameter, slightly convex; a raised bright rim, one-thirtieth of an inch wide; device, an eagle holding in his beak a scroll, with the word "Essayons," a bastion with embras ores in the distance surromided by water, with a rising sun; the figures to be of dead gold upon a bright field. Small buttons of the same form and device, and fifty-five hundredths of an inch in exterior diameter.
  3. For Officers of the Corps Of Topographical Engineers--gilt, seven~ighths of an inch exterior diameter, convex and solid; device, the shield of the United States, occupying one-half the diameter, and the letters "T. E." in old English characters the other half; small buttons one-half inch diameter, device and form the same.
  4. For Officers of the Ordnance Department--gilt, convex, plain border, cross cannon and bombshell, with a circular scroll over and across the cannon, containing the words "Ordnance Corps;" large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior diameter; small sise, one-half inch.
  5. For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen, and Dragoons--gilt, convex; device a spread eagle with the letter A, for Artillery-I, for Infantry-B, for Riflemen-D, for Dragoons, on the shield; large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior diameter; small sise, one half inch.
  6. Aides-de-camp may wear the button of the General Staff, or of their regiment or corps, at their option.
  7. For all enlisted men-yellow, to correspond with those of the officers of their respective corps, (28, 30, 31;) large size, three-fourths of an inch in exterior diameter; small size fifty-five- hundreths of an inch.

TROUSERS.

  1. The uniform trousers for both officers and enlisted men, will be of cloth throughout the year; made loose and to spread well over the boot; of white and light blue mixed, commonly called sky blue mixture for regimental officers and enlisted men; and of dark blue cloth for all other officers; reinforced for all enlisted mounted men.
  2. For General Officer--plain, without stripe, welt or cord, down the outer seam.
  3. For Officers of the General Staff Corps--with buff welt, one-eighth of an inch in diameter , let into the outer seam.
  4. For Regimental Officers--with a welt let into the outer seam, one-eighth of an inch in diameter, let into the outer seam of the following colors: for Artillery, scarlet--Infantry, dark blue-- Riflemen, medium or emerald green--Dragoons, orange.
  5. For all enlisted men-with a cord, one- eighth of an inch in diameter, down the outer seam, of the following colors: for Artillery, scarlet--Infantry, dark blue--Riflemen, medium or emerald green-- Dragoons, orange--Engineers, yellow--Ordnance, crimson.

CAP

  1. For all officers and enlisted men--dark blue cloth, according to pattern; crown of four upright pieces, height in front from five and threefourths to six and one-fourth inces along the front seam; length behind from seven and one-fourth to seven and three-fourths inches along the back seam; tip from five and one-half to six inches in diameter, and inclining downward slightly form reat to front when the cap is worn, (the dimensions given vary with the circumfrence of the head;) visor of strong neat's leather, two and one-fourth inches wide at the middle; black on the upper and green on the under sides, to be put on at right angles to the front of the cap, or in other words, to be horizontal when the cap is worn; strap of strong black leather fastening under the chin by a yellow metal buckle and leather side; band two inches wide from the lower edge of the cap, and pointed in front according to pattern, of material, color, and with ornament as follows:
  2. For General Officers--band of dark blue velvet; with a gold embroidered wreath in front, encircling the letters "U.S." in old English characters in silver.
  3. For Officers of the Adjutant General's Inspector General's, Quartermaster's Subsistence, Medical and Pay Departments, and the Judge Advocate of the Army--band of the same material and color as the cap, welted at the edges; the same ornament in front as for General officers (40).
  4. For Officers of the Corps of Engineers-the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be a gold embroidered wreath of laurel and palm encircling a silver turretted castle.
  5. The Officers of the Cops of Topographical Engineers--the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be a gold embroidered wreath of oak leaves encircling a gold embroidered shield.
  6. For Officers of the Ordnance Department-the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be a gold embroidered shell and flame.
  7. For Officers of Artillery--the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be gold embroidered cross cannon, with the number of the regiment in silver, above their intersection.
  8. For Officers of Infantry-the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be a gold embroidered bugle, with the number of the regiment in silver, within the bend.
  9. The Officers of Riflemen-the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be a trumpet, perpendicular, embroidered in gold, with the number of the regiment in silver, within the bend.
  10. For Officers of Dragoons-the same as for the General Staff; (41,) except the ornament in front, which will be two sabres crossed, (edges upward,) embroidered in gold, with the number of the regiment in silver, in the upper angle.
  11. For enlisted men of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen and Dragoons-bands of scarlet, light or Saxony blue, medium or emerald green, and orange-colored cloth, respectively, with the letter of the company in front, of yellow metal one inch long. For Engineer soldiers-band of the same material and color as the cap, but edged with yellow, with a turretted castle in yellow metal, in front. For enlisted men of Ordnance band of the same material and color as the cap, but edged with crimson; a shell and flame in yellow metal, in front.

CAP COVER.

  1. For officers and men-(to be worn in bad weather) black, of suitable water proof material, with a cape extending below the cap ten inches, coming well forward, and tying under the chin; according to pattern.

POMPON.

  1. The pompon will be worn by all officers whenever the epaulettes are worn, and by the enlisted men, on all duty under arms; except when the cap cover (50,) is put on.
  2. For General Officers--a gold embroidered net acorn, three inches long, with a gold embroidered spread eagle, one and three-fourths inches between the tips of the wings, and so attached to the base of the pompon as to show in front of the cap below its top.
  3. For all other officers and for all enlisted men--spherical, two and one fourth inces in diameter, and as follows:

FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

  1. Of worsted, permanently attached at the base to a gold netted circular ring two-thirds of an inch in diameter, by one-third deep, with gold embroidered spread eagle, as for General Officers, (52,) and of the following colors:
  2. For the Adjutant General's Department--lower two thirds buff, upper third white.
  3. For the Inspector General's Department--lower two-thirds buff; upper third scarlet.
  4. For the Judge Advocate-white.
  5. For the Quartermaster's Department--lower two-thirds buff; upper third light or Saxony blue.
  6. For the Subsistence Department, lower two thirds buff, upper third royal or ultra marine blue.
  7. For the Medical Department--lower two thirds buff, upper third medium or emerald green.
  8. For the Pay Department--lower two thirds buff, upper third dark olive green.
  9. Forthe Corps of Engineers and Topographical Engineers, -lower two~thirds buff; upper third black.
  10. For the Ordnance Department--lower two thirds buff, upper third crimson.
  11. For the Artillery-scarlet
  12. For the Infantry--light or Saxony blue.
  13. For the Riflemen--medium or emerald green.
  14. For the Dragoons--orange.
  15. For Aides-de-camp--buff
  16. For Adjutants of Regiments--same as for the Adjutant General's Department (55.)
  17. For Regimental Quartermaster's Department, -- same as for the Quartermaster's Department, (58.)

FOR ENLISTED MEN

  1. Permanently attached at the base to a yellow metal circular ring, two-thirds of an inch in diameter, by one-third deep, with yellow metal spread eagle, one and three-fourths inches between the tips of the wings, and so attached to the base of the pompon as to show in front of the cap below its top; according to pattern; and of the following colors: for Artillery, scarlet--Infantry, light or Saxony blue--Riflemen, medium or emerald green--Dragoons, orange--Engineers, yellow- Ordnance, crimson.

CRAVAT OR STOCK.

  1. For all officers-black; when a cravat is worn, the tie is not to be visible at the opening of the collar.
  2. For all enlisted men-black leather, according to pattern.

BOOTS.

  1. For all officers-ankle or Jefferson.
  2. For enlisted men of Riflemen, Dragoons, and Light Artillery, ankle and Jefferson, rights and lefts, according to pattern, and in the proportion as now for the Light Artillery.
  3. For enlisted men of Artillery, Infantry, Engineers and Ordnance--Jefferson, rigbts and lefts, according to pattern.

SPURS.

  1. For all mounted officers-yellow metal, or gilt.
  2. For all enlisted mounted men--yellow metal, according to pattern.

GLOVES.

  1. For General Officers and officerss of the General Staff and Staff Corps-buff or white.
  2. For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, Dragoons and Riflemen-white.

SASH.

  1. For General Officers-buff, silk net, with silk bullion fringe ends; sash to go twice around the waist, and to tie behind the left hip, pendant part not to extend more than eighteen inches below the tie.
  2. For Officers of the Adjutant General's, Inspector General's, Quartermasters, and Subsistence Departments, Corps of Engineers, Topographical Engineerss, Ordnanee, Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen and Dragoons, and the Judge Advocate of the Arny-crimson silk net; for Officers of the Medical Department-medium or emerald green silk net; with silk bullion fringe ends; to go around the waist and tie as for General Officers, (81.)
  3. For all Sergean Majors, Quartermaster Sergeants, Ordnance Sergeants, First Sergeants, Principal or Chief Musicians and Chief Buglers-red worsted sash, with worsted bullion fringe ends; to. go twice around the waist and to tie behind the left hip, pendant part not to extend more than eighteen inches below the tie.
  4. The sash will be worn (over the coat) on all occasions of duty of every description, except stable and fatigue.
  5. The sash will be worn by "Officers of the day," across the body, scarf fashion, from the right shoulder to the left side, instead of around the waist, tying. behind the left hip as scrihed (81.)
  6. For all officers--a waist belt not less than one and one-half inches, nor more than two inches wide; to be worn over the sash; the sword to be suspended from it by slings of the same material as the belt, with a hook attached to the belt upon which the sword may be hung, (97).
  7. For General Officers--Russian leather, with three stripes of gold embroidery; the slings embroidered on both sides.
  8. For all other officers-black leathe; plain.
  9. For all non-commissioned officers--black leather, plain.

SWORD BELT-PLATE.

  1. For all officers and enlisted men--gilt, rectangular, two inches wide, with a raised bright rim; a silver wreath of laurel encircling the "Arms of the United States;" eagle, shield scroll, edge of cloud and rays bright. The motto, "E Pluribus Unum," in silver letters, upon the scroll; stars also of silver; according to pattern.

SWORD AND SCABBARD.

  1. For General Officers-straight sword, gilt, hilt, silver grip, brass or steel scabbard.
  2. For Officers of the Adjutant General's, Inspector General's, Quartermaster's, and Subsistence Departments, Corps of Engineers, Topographical Engineers, Ordnance, the Judge Advocate of the Army, Aides de Camp, Field Officers of Artillery, Infantry, and Foot Riflemen, and for the Light Artillery--the sword of th pattern adopted by the War Department, April 9, 1850.
  3. For the Medical and Pay Departments--small sword and scabbard, according to pattern in the Surgeon General's office.
  4. For Cavalry Officers-sabre and scabbard now in use, according to pattern in the Ordnance Department.
  5. For the Artillery, Infantry and Foot Riflemen, except the field officers, (92)-the sword of the pattern adopted by the War Department April 9, 1850.
  6. The sword and sword belt will be worn upon all occasions of duty, without exception.
  7. When on foot the sabre will be suspended from the hook attached to the belt, (86.)
  8. When not on military duty, officers may wear swords of honor, or the prescribed sword, with a scabbard, gilt, or of leather with gilt mountings.

SWORD-KNOT.

  1. For General Officers--gold cord with acorn end.
  2. For all other officers--gold lace strap with gold bullion tassel.

BADGES TO DISTINGUISH RANK.

  1. For the Major General Commanding the Army--gold, with solide crescent; device, three silver embrodered stars, one, one and a half inches in diameter, one, one and one-fourth inches in diameter, and one, one and one-eighth inches in diameter, placed on the strap in a row, longitudinally, and equidistant, the largest star in the centre of the cresent, the smallest at the top; dead and bright gold bullion one-half inch in diameter and three and one-half inches long.
  2. For all other Major Generals--the same as for the Major General Commanding the Army, (101,) except that there will be two stars on the strap instead of three, omitting the smallest.
  3. For a Brigadier General-the same as for a Major General, (101,) except that, instead of two, there shall be one star, (omitting the smallest) placed upon the strap, and not within the crescent.
  4. For a Colonel-the same as for a Brigadier General, (103,) substituting a silver embroidered spread eagle for the star upon the strap; and within the crescent for the Medical laurel wreath embroidered in gold, and the letters, "M. S." in old English characters, in silver, within the wreath; Pay Department-same as the Medical Department, with the letters, "P.D." in old English characters; Corps of Engineers-a turretted castle of silver; Corps of Topographical Engineers-a shield embroidered in gold, and below it the letters "T.E.," in old English characters in silver; Ordnance Department-bell and flame in silver embroidery; Regimental Officers-the number of the regiment embroidered in gold, within a circlet of embroidered silver, one and three-fourths inches in diameter, upon cloth of the following colors: for Artillery-scarlet; Infantry, light or Saxony blue; Riflemen-- medium or emerald green; Dragons--orange.
  5. For a Lieutenant Colonel-the same as for a Colonel, (104,) according to corps, but substituting for the eagle, a silver embroidered leaf.
  6. For a Major-the same as for a Colonel, (104,) according to corps, omitting the eagle.
  7. For a Captain-the same as for a Colonel, (104,) according to corps, except that the bullion will be only one-fourth of an inch in diameter, and two and on~half inches long; and substituting for the eagle two silver embroidered bars.
  8. For a First Lieutenant--the same as for a Colonel, (104,) according to corps, except that the bullion will be only one-eighth of an inch in diameter, and two and one-half inches long; and substituting for the eagle one Silver embroidered bar.
  9. For a Second Lieutenant--the same as for a First Lieutenant, (108,) omitting the bar.
  10. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant--the same as for a Second Lieutenant, (109.)
  11. All officers having military rank will wear one epaulette on each shoulder.
  12. The epaulette may be dispensed with when not on duty, and on certain duties off parade, to wit: at drills, at inspections of barracks and hospitals, on Courts of Inquiry and Boards, at inspections of articles and necessaries, on working parties and fatigue duties, and upon the march, except when in war there is immediate expectation of meeting the enemy; and also when the overcoat is worn.

SHOULDER STRAPS.

  1. For the Major General Commanding the Army--dark blue cloth, one and threeeighths inches wide by four inches long; bordered with an embroidery of gold one-fourth of an inch wide; three silver embroidered stars of five rays; one star on the centre of the strap, and one on each side equidistant between the centre and the outer edge of the strap; the centre star to be the largest.
  2. For all other--Major Generals--the same as for the Major General Commanding the A'rmy, (113,), except that there will be two stars, iiistead of three; the centre of each star to be one inch from the outer edge of the gold embroidery on the ends of the strap; both stars of the same size.
  3. For a Brigadier General--the same as for a Major General (114,) except that there will be one star instead of two; the centre of the star to be equidistant from the outer edge of the embroidery on the ends of the strap.
  4. For a Colonel-the same size as for a Major General, (114,) and bordered in like manner gold; a silver embroidered spread eagle on the center of the strap, two inches between the tips of the right talon an olive branch, and and in the left a bundle of arrows; an escutehcon on the breast as represented in the arms of the United States; cloth of the strap as follows: for General Staff and Staff Corps--dark blue; Artillery--scarlet; Infantry--light or Saxony blue; Riflemen--medium or emerald green; Dragoons--orange.
  5. For a Lieutenant Colonel--the same as for a Colonel, (116,), according to corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing a silver embroidered leaf at each end, each leaf extending seven-eighths of an inch fomr the end border of the strap.
  6. For a Major-- the same as for a Colonel (116,), according to corps, omitting the eagle and introducing a gold embroidered leaf at each end, each leaf extendin seven-eighths of an inch from the end border of the strap.
  7. For a Captain--the same as for a Colonel (116), according to corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing at each end two gold embroidered bars of the same width as the border, placed parallel to the ends of the strap; the distance between them and form the border equal to the width of the border.
  8. For a First Lieutenant--the same as for a Colonel, (116,) according to corps, omitting the eagle and introducing at each end one gold embroidered bar of the same width as the border, placed parallel to the ends of the strap, at a distance from the border equal to its width.
  9. For a Second Lieutenant--the same as for a Colonel (116,) according to corps, omitting the eagle.
  10. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant--the same as for the Second Lieutenant (121.)
  11. The shoulder strap will be worn whenever the epaulette is not.

CHEVRONS.

  1. The rank of non-commissioned officers will be marked by chevrons upon both sleeves of the uniform coat, above the elbow, of silk or worsted binding one-half an inch wide, same color as the cord on the pantaloons, except for infantry, which will be of light or Saxony blue; points down; as follows:
  2. For a Sergeant Major--three bars and an arc, in silk.
  3. For a Quartermaster Sergeant--three bars and a tie in silk.
  4. For an Ordnance Sergeant--three bars and a star in silk
  5. For a First Sergeant--three bars and a lozenge in worsted.
  6. For a Sergeant-three bars, in worsted.
  7. For a Corporal-two bars, in worsted.
  8. To indicate service-all noncommissioned officers, musicians and privates who have served faithfully for the term of five years, will wear, as a mark of distinction, upon both sleeves of the uniforin coat, below the elbow, a diagonal half chevron, one-half an inch wide, extending from seam to seam, the front end nearest the cuff and one-half an inch above the point of the cuff; to be of the same color as the cord on the trouscrs, except for Infantry, for which light or Saxony blue will be subetituted. In like manner an additional half chevron, above and parallel to the first, for every subsequent five years of faithful service; distance between each chevron, one-fourth of an inch. Service in war will be indicated by a light or Saxony blue stripe on each side of the chevron for Artillery, and a rod stripe for all other corps, the stripe to be one-eighth of an inch wide.

OVERCOAT.

FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

  1. A "cloak coat" of dark blue cloth, closing by means of four frog buttons of black silk and loops of black silk cord down the breast, and at tile throat by a long loop a echelle, without tassel or plate, on the left side, and a black silk frog hutton on the right; cord for the loops fifteen-hundredths of an inch in diameter; back, a single piece, slit up from the bottom, from fifteen to seventeen inches according to the height of the wearer, and closing at will, by buttons, and button holes cut in a concealed flap; collar of the same color and material as the coat, rounded at the edges, and to stand or fall; when standing to be about five inches high; sleeves loose, of a single piece, and round at the bottom, without cuff or slit; lining, woolen; around the front and lower border, the edges of the pockets, the edges of the sleeves, collar and slit in the back, a flat braid of black silk one-half an inch wide; and around each frog button on the breast, a knot two and one-quarter inches in diameter of black silk cord, seven-hundredths of an inch in diameter, arranged according to drawing; cape of the same color and material as the coat, removable at the pleasure of the wearer, and reaching to the cuff of the coat sleeve when the arm is extended; coat to extend down the leg from six to eight inches below the knee, according to height. To indicate rank, there will be on both sleeves, near the lower edge, a knot of flat black silk braid not exceeding one-eighth of an inch in width, arranged according to drawing, and composed as follows:
  2. For a general-of five braids, double knot.
  3. For a Colonel-of five braids, single knot.
  4. For a Lieutenant Colonel of four braids, single knot.
  5. For a Major of three braids, single knot.
  6. For a Captain-of two braids, single knot.
  7. For a First Lieutenant-of one braid, single knot.
  8. For a Second Lieutenant, and Brevet 2d Lieutenant-a plain sleeve, without knot or ornament.

FOR ENLISTED MEN.

  1. Of Cavalry and the Light Artillery--of blue grey mixture; stand-up collar; double breasted; cape to reach down to the cuff of the coat when the arm is extended, and to button all the way up; buttons of the regiment or corps.
  2. All other enlisted men-of blue grey mixture; standup collar; single-breasted; cape to reach down to the elbows, when the arm is extended, and to button all the way up; buttons of the regiment or corps.

OTHER ARTICLES OF CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT.

  1. Flannel shirt, drawers, stockings and stable frock--the same as now furnished.
  2. Blanket-woolen, grey, with letters U.S. in black four inches long, in the centre; to be seven feet long and five and a half feet wide, and to weigh five pounds.
  3. Canvass overalls for Engineer soldiers--of white cotton; one garment to cover the whole of the body below the waist, the breast, the shoulders and the arms, sleeves loose, to allow a free play of the arms, with narrow wristband buttoning with one button; overalls to fasten at the neck behind with two buttons, and at the waist behind with buckle and tongue.
  4. Belts of all enlisted men--black leather.
  5. Cartridge box according to pattern in the Ordnance Department.
  6. Drum sling-white webbing; to be provided with a brass stick carriage, according to pattern.
  7. Knapsack--according to pattern in the Quartermaster's Department. The great coat, when carried, to be neatly folded, not rolled, and covered by the outer flap of the knapsack.
  8. Haversack--of gutta perehe, tin, or other material, and of pattern to be prepared by the Quartermaster's Department, after making the requisite experiments.
  9. Canteen--of patter, to be prepared by the Quartermaster's Department.
  10. Tent-French bell-tent, according to pattern in the Quartermaster's Department.