1870 Federal Census for Ashe County, North Carolina
Federal Census Records
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New River Notes
January 6, 2013
New River Notes, a leading genealogy resource for the New River Valley of North Carolina and Virginia, launched its new look website today.
New River Notes was originally launched in 1998 by Jeffery C. Weaver providing New River Valley researchers with a new wealth of information and that tradition is continued today by the Grayson County, Virginia Heritage Foundation, Inc.
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1870 Federal Census of Ashe County, North Carolina
© Jeffrey C. Weaver 1996
Welcome to the 1870 Federal Census for Ashe County, North Carolina. This first census taken after the Civil War. It shows some of the terrible toll taken on Ashe County and its citizens during 1861-5, though Ashe County was not a battle-ground in the traditional sense. Families headed by single mothers, reduced property values and free blacks are the most visable evidence of the turmoil of those years.
The census transcription presented here gives essential data on each person shown. The census was also divided by township, an innovation for Southern census records, as were townships themselves. [Division of counties into townships was imposed on Southern State Governments by Federal military authorities who, with free blacks and carpetbaggers, rewrote Southern constitutions.] Houses are numbered within townships. The order of the schedule is surname, Christian names, age, occupation for the head of the household, dollar value of real and personal property and place of birth for the individual. If the dollar values are blank, then the value was 0 (zero). Occupations are usually only presented for the head of the house though occupations were given for most persons over age 10. If no occupation is given for the apparent lady of the house, you may assume she was listed as a housekeeper, children were either listed as "at home" or "farm laborers" and this has been omitted. Other occupations are listed. If no place of birth is listed, then the orginal schedule lists that person's place of birth as North Carolina. Standard state abbreviations have been used for other states.
Transcription of this record orginally occurred in May 1989 from microfilm in the National Archives and Records Administration, Consitution Avenue, Washington, DC. The census was relatively easy to read, and mistakes can be ascribed to the transcriber (me). A few names were difficult to decipher, but a reasonable guess was given. Where no reasonable guess could be made a "?" will be found. There was a particular problem in determining the Greer or Green families, so check both references if those families are the subject of your research. Notification of mistakes would be appreciated.
Townships are as follows: