Virginia School Report - 1874 - Grayson County

Grayson Schools

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Virginia School Report - 1874 - Grayson County

Grayson, Carroll, Wythe, Smyth, and Washington Counties

Information presented in this web page was abstracted from Virginia School Report, 1874: Fourth Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Year Ending August 31, 1874. This document was printed by R. F. Walker, Superintendent of Public Printing, Richmond in 1874.

It should be noted that public schools were not in place in Virginia prior to the 1870 Underwood Constitution (Reconstruction Constitution).

Fielding R. Cornett was the superintent of Public Schools for Grayson County. His colleagues in neighboring counties were: D. B. Brown in Carroll County, James D. Thomas in Wythe, D. C. Miller in Smyth and A. L. Hogshead in Washington County.

Revenue

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
Money from State fund 4001.00 3753.00 3915.00 3439.00 7013.00
County Tax funds 553.72 76.59 4411.11 1669.55 3945.10
District Tax Funds 663.63 342.23 3119.98 2876.22 804.18
Money from other sources 1200.00 - 1856.00 450.00 1001.00
Total Operating funds 6447.55 4184.87 13343.09 8435.76 12763.28

Expenditures

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
Teachers' salaries 5398.40 3372.51 8845.10 5320.42 11,441.76
Real Estate - - 112.00 1705.64 58.56
Furniture - - 310.75 10.00 20.40
Fuel, rent 32.61 73.92 919.95 171.04 280.55
Clerks pay 312.79 178.35 575.53 290.18 449.15
Superintendent 11.75 - - 125.00 158.50
Total 5755.55 3624.78 10763.33 7622.18 12,408.92
Balance County Funds 284.92 225.10 2579.66 1860.78 354.36
Balance State Funds 0 334.99 0 0 0

Pupils

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
Ave. per teacher 65 50 47 49 47
Ave. in attendance 35 25 27 28 24
Number enrolled 2972 1889 2410 2044 4000
Average age 10.2 11.4 11.4 10 11
In spelling 2221 1401 2410 1877 3677
In reading 1489 1122 1961 1500 2967
In writing 897 798 1524 989 1964
In Arithmetic 860 532 1383 732 1816
In Grammar 407 204 568 376 744
In Geography 241 188 700 420 556
In Other Branches 38 22 124 88 153
Supplied with Books 22 231 120 96 259

By race

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
# schools, white 44 37 46 37 83
# schools, colored 2 1 8 7 9
# schools, total 46 38 54 44 92
# schools still needed 11 23 3 3 5
# pupils, white enr. 2837 1857 2038 1769 3633
# pupils, colored, enr. 111 27 357 275 367
Total enrolled 2948 1884 2395 2044 4000
# pupils, white attend. 1552 942 1194 984 2013
# pupils, colored attend. 67 21 255 194 238
Total Ave. attnedance 1619 963 1449 1178 2251
% school pop. white 75 49 65 58 59
% school pop. colored. 36 22 46 71 36

Note: The average statewide enrollment was 47% for whites and 29% for blacks. Grayson County had the highest percentage of white students enrolled of any jurisdiction in Virginia in 1874.

School population

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
White male 1976 1934 1799 1506 3221
White female 1832 1884 1496 1539 2901
Total White 3808 3818 3295 3045 6122
Colored male 152 65 455 227 500
Colored female 139 57 410 189 515
Total Colored 291 122 865 416 1015
Total Both races 4099 3940 4100 3461 7137
Ave. # months taught 5.6 4.79 4.84 4.5 4.5
White male teachers 39 33 33 32 58
White female teachers 5 4 13 5 24
Colored male teachers 2 1 5 4 7
Colored female teachers 0 0 3 3 3
Average monthly salary 19.84 20.00 32.52 35.85 27.32

Superintendent of Schools

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
Days employed 121 218 158 75 210
Miles traveled 975 575 240 257 1200
Official letters 745 87 166 403 275
Meetings attended 47 48 72 48 92
Visits to schools 5 3 15 4 15
Incidental expenses 119.75 28.75 64.00 65.09 50.00
Salary From State 350.00 350.00 350.00 312.50 350.00
Salary From County 0 0 0 125.00 150.00
Total Salary 350.00 350.00 350.00 437.50 500.00

School Houses

County Grayson Carroll Wythe Smyth Washington
Whole Number 45 38 49 39 90
Log 36 30 35 8 63
Frame 9 8 8 31 22
Brick 0 0 5 0 4
Stone 0 0 1 0 1
With outhouses 1 10 3 1 3
With Suitable grounds 45 29 46 34 47
With good furniture 4 6 20 5 4
With wall maps 4 0 4 0 3
With Globes 0 0 14 0 1
With Math charts 0 0 2 0 0
With blackboards 45 28 4 0 1
Comfortable 45 38 40 35 46
No. of rooms 53 40 52 52 90
Built during year 4 5 4 4 1
Owned by district 0 20 16 16 11